Are Smart Cities The Future Of Humanity?
27 August 2018
Digital technology has provided society with hundreds of advances that make life easier and better for everyone. From the personal computer to the internet to the smartphone to the Internet of Things, we are increasingly living in a technologically driven world.
But what if those technologies were bound together and used to build a Smart City? What would it take to make such a complex network feasible? And what would it look like to live in a such a city? Are these just the fevered imaginings of science fiction writers or could it be a real possibility? Let’s dig a little deeper. Digital technology has provided society with hundreds of advances that make life easier and better for everyone. From the personal computer to the internet to the smartphone to the Internet of Things, we are increasingly living in a technologically driven world. But what if those technologies were bound together and used to build a Smart City? What would it take to make such a complex network feasible? And what would it look like to live in a such a city? Are these just the fevered imaginings of science fiction writers or could it be a real possibility? Let’s dig a little deeper.
Smart Cities: Digital Solutions for a More Liveable Future
McKinsey Global Institute
The latest report from the McKinsey Global Institute (MGI), Smart cities: Digital solutions for a more livable future analyzes how dozens of digital applications address these kinds of practical and very human concerns. It finds that cities can use smart technologies to improve some key quality-of-life indicators by 10 to 30 percent—numbers that translate into lives saved, fewer crime incidents, shorter commutes, a reduced health burden, and carbon emissions averted.
Forces of Change
While smart cities earlier focused on connecting infrastructure for better insights, the spotlight is slowly shifting to better engaging governments, citizens, and businesses with the goal of providing improved city services and a higher quality of life. What exactly is Smart City 2.0?
Turning the Smart City Opportunity Into Reality
Implementing digital solutions on a citywide scale requires vision and persistence—which is why this issue of Voices brings together multiple case studies from around the globe. Mayors, experts, technology leaders, and residents themselves all have a role to play. We hope these perspectives help guide decision makers in shaping the smart cities of the future.
Smart City Strategies: A Global Review 2017
The pervasive nature of digital technology means that cities are constantly evolving to meet the changing needs of everyday life. The term ‘smart city’ was adopted in the early 2010s to describe the increasing use of technology and data to inform decision making for governing cities.
This report, produced by Future Cities Catapult and Arup, explores the landscape of smart city strategies and aims to provide insight into how cities around the world are approaching the smart city agenda. The review enables us to build a richer knowledge base for cities and shed light on the principles and patterns seen in smart city strategies across the globe. Twenty-one cities of varying geography, population and stage of existing smart city strategy were studied, including New York, Berlin, São Paulo and Manchester.
We The City 3 – Towards a Data Driven and Responsive Sydney
Committee for Sydney
This report comes at a time when smart cities are fast becoming a serious policy focus for Australia’s city leaders. It’s clear we now have a significant upswing of interest in how best to leverage data-driven services to meet the challenges our cities face today. The report examines the building blocks of the data-driven, responsive city. The report also reviews what we can learn from other cities, supported by applied research and insights.
Harnessing the Smart City Opportunity – laying the foundations
23 November 2017
Smart City initiatives are a vital way for local governments to respond to mounting challenges presented by rapid urbanisation. As Australia’s Smart Cities movement gathers pace, the question many city leaders are asking is ‘where do we begin?’
In this article KPMG look at the foundational elements cities should consider as they look to embark on Smart City transformations:
- a strategic framework and guiding principles with a ‘citizen-centric’ view
- innovative funding
- a rich set of data
- fit for purpose.
Smart cities: A snapshot of Australia in 2017
Buzzwords like ‘digital’, ‘data’ and the ‘Internet of Things’ can dominate the conversation about smart cities. To find out what really makes a city smart, KPMG and the Public Sector Network brought together more than 440 leaders from government, universities and industry across six events around the country between 29 August and 7 September 2017.
During the Smart Cities Series 2017 we heard from city mayors and chief executive officers, entrepreneurs, planners and policy makers, academics, and corporate and community leaders as they look to:
- form a smart city strategy
- build a business case for funding
- engage with their citizens and communities
- establish strong partnerships for collaboration.
In this report KPMG have shared some of the common themes and challenges, case studies and insights from a survey of participants.
Dr. Khanna / Mastercard
At its core is the belief that the future centers of progress and inclusion will be not the great nations of the world, but the great cities. And those cities will derive strength from innovations in data usage for transportation, planning, financial inclusion and economic opportunity.
In this exclusive work with Mastercard, Dr. Khanna highlights three critical information areas that can help cities grow:
- A review of the most important connected cities initiatives
- The critical importance of data, payments systems and infrastructure improvements
- Three urgent focus areas for urban center leaders during decision making
The rise of data-cities heralds substantial economic growth opportunities, a better quality of life for citizens and more sustainable and resilient communities
From Smart Cities 1.0 to 2.0: It’s Not (only) About the Tech
Sarah Burns, Ellie Crosgrove & Donald McNeill
3 April 2017
This article considers the problems of providing critical infrastructure and how we might produce the innovations and reforms needed to meet 21st-century needs and challenges.
City Momentum Index 2016: The Rise Of The Innovation-Orientated City
The current cycle of globalisation, urbanisation and technological advancement is leading to a shake-up of the global urban hierarchy and creating sweeping changes to the geography of commercial real estate opportunity. In this new era of city competition, success is no longer purely about size or inherited attributes, but revolves around innovation, liveability and a city’s ability to transform and adapt to a constantly changing socio-economic landscape.
Covering 120 major established and emerging business hubs across the globe, the Index measures a city’s short-term socio-economic and commercial real estate momentum (over a three-year horizon) in combination with measures of ‘future-proofing’ – whether a city has the essential ingredients to ensure longer-term sustainable momentum.
In their latest research, JLL identify the characteristics of the Top 20 Cities in the City Momentum Index, many of which are building innovation-oriented economies and implementing transformative infrastructure and real estate projects that are contributing to their momentum and providing crucial competitive advantage.
Intelligent Assets Unlocking The Circular Economy Potential
World Economic Forum
The exponential growth of connectivity has had a sweeping impact on our society in the last decade. It is widely understood that this increased connectivity between people, products and systems can create significant new sources of value for citizens and economies. Recognizing the importance of this trend, in 2015 the World Economic Forum identified The Future of the Internet as one of its 10 Global Challenges.
This report illustrates opportunities for innovation and creativity across a spectrum of industries and sectors: it looks at how we manufacture and use electronics and advanced equipment, how we create our energy infrastructure, how we build and transform our buildings, and how we produce food. It assesses how smart cities might evolve to become a focal point for the transitions to follow. There are profit opportunities for companies to play for but perhaps more importantly, there’s an opportunity for society to redefine its relationship with resources.
This document aims to provide the rationale for these opportunities that the intersection of the circular economy and smart connected devices could unlock for your business, city or region.
How The Internet Of Everything Can Unlock New Possibilities For Cities Across The Globe
Centre For Digital Government
With contributions from leading public sector innovators from across the country, this crowdsourced white paper explores how the Internet of Everything (IoE) is currently at work in communities today and peeks around the corner to see the new possibilities the IoE might unlock in the future. It also discusses the challenges – and potential solutions – city leaders might encounter as they move forward with IoE implementations.
Local Government 2035: Strategic Trends And Implications Of New Technologies
Expect drone technologies, artificial intelligence, autonomous vehicles, peer-to-peer services and the like to disrupt business as usual at city hall in the years ahead. A new report released by Brookings and authored by Kevin C. Desouza, David Swindell and others from the Arizona State University School of Public Affairs, suggests that to maintain effective service delivery in the face of technology advances, local governments must be agile, nimble and dynamic. Read the paper linked below for their recommendations on what policymakers and government managers should do to get ready.
The UN-Habitat is the United Nations programme working towards a better urban future. Its mission is to promote socially and environmentally sustainable human settlements development and the achievement of adequate shelter for all. This issues paper looks at definitions of smart cities, looks at smart cities – a viable option for the future, argues the need for a new model of urban planning and design, a governance framework and sets out some key drivers for action.
Cities Of The Future – Technology And Mobility
The National League Of Cities (NLC)
The National League of Cities’ City of the Future initiative explores existing trends and predicts future developments so that cities can anticipate changes in the urban landscape and prepare accordingly. The first report in this series focuses on the nexus between technology and mobility. Technology is leading cities to more dynamic transportation systems where people shift seamlessly between multiple modes depending on their needs. Mobility options are fundamental to providing a robust platform for economic activity and human interaction within the urban environment.
Today, rapid technological advances coupled with shifts in demographics and public preferences are dramatically altering the nature of transportation in cities. Technology’s ever-growing impact has profound and far reaching implications for the future of urban mobility.
This report draws conclusions from a variety of sources, including existing literature, expert interviews and transportation plans. The NLC have discovered widening gaps between innovation in the private sector, the expressed preferences of citizens and the visions of city planners regarding transportation investment.
Are We There Yet? Getting Farther Down The Road To The Smart City
Panel Session At Meeting Of The Minds
Making smart city visions a reality will require “comprehensive approaches” that begin to transform each and every major corner of the city’s life, especially in urban infrastructure: power supplies, energy grids, broadband networks (wired and wireless), lighting, buildings, mobility, street design, etc. These innovations are reshaping our multi-faceted relationship with the city. This session brings together leaders from different smart city sectors to discuss how a more comprehensive approach can truly be accomplished if we are to successfully upgrade more cities into smart and connected places to live, work and play. What will it take? How far are we from the next level on the path towards a successful smart city revolution? This session provides a glimpse around the corner, offering a clear-eyed view of alternative, smart urban futures which are already emerging.
Moderator: Gordon Feller, Board Co-President, Meeting of the Minds
- Rick Azer, Director of Development, Smart Integrated Infrastructure Group, Black & Veatch
- Dave Pogue, Global Director of Corporate Responsibility, CBRE
Big Data, Little Data, Real Time Streaming And The Smart City
Prof Michael Batty – Presentation To UNSW City Futures Research Centre
Professor Batty explores how cities are getting more complex, data is becoming bigger and more diverse, and how urban science has been evolving along the way to respond to higher demands for computer modelling and visualisation techniques. Professor Batty emphasised some important topics in his presentation that need reflection. First, he made a call to the audience to look at cities as ‘flow systems’, changing the focus from locations to interactions among locations. In this case, he highlights, even small and conventional datasets become big. Second, he states that complexity in cities is driven by new information technologies. And this is because technologies are embedded in cities, intrinsically shaping new social and economic behaviour; and at the same time scientists and planner are using technologies to understand, plan and manage cities. Finally, he reminded us that technology is never neutral. ‘It is always value laden and we do have choices and the biggest problems tend to be tangential to new IT.’
Big City Analytics: Identifying Sydney’s Economic, Employment And Population Centres Of Gravity
PwC / Committee For Sydney
Cities are engines of growth and innovation. While all cities have these key functions, the best cities organise themselves to maximise their potential. They ensure they have the public transport networks, housing densities, skills and governance needed to manage and leverage growth.
However, it is increasingly recognised that also at the heart of effective ‘city performance-management’ are the analytical tools which enable a better understanding of the key forces or trends shaping the city.
Although there is now a big literature on ‘city analytics’ and measures of urban performance, there is not as yet a universally agreed assessment framework or set of indicators enabling us to identify the key factors of success or failure.
There is a plethora of competing and often inconsistent city performance league tables or indices. In this context the Committee for Sydney and Committee member PwC have released an Issues Paper seeking to elevate the importance of using emerging analytic tools to understand and manage city performance. The analysis was carried out for all major Australian cities with an in-depth look at Sydney.
Big city thinking requires big city analytics.
#wethecity 2 : From Possibilities To Practice
Committee For Sydney
The Committee for Sydney has released the latest report in its #wethecity series, calling for a digital revolution in government in NSW modelled on best practice from global cities around the world. The best and most successful global cities are becoming data and tech driven and combine smart governance with smart city technologies. Sydney needs to follow suit or fall behind. These smart cities are transforming how they talk with, and listen to with their residents, how they design and deliver their services and how they create economic opportunities for businesses in the digital era. While there are some examples of best practice in councils and public services in NSW, the fractured governance of Sydney is impeding progress. A bigger, more coordinated cross government effort is required if Sydney is to be truly ‘smart’.
The new Greater Sydney Commission (GSC) and its ‘digital dashboard’ – advocated for by the Committee – is vital in this context to help bring about the coordination needed to get this smart city thinking across Greater Sydney and ensuring digital initiatives are coordinated. And with local government amalgamations forging ahead, Sydney has an opportunity in this moment to take a modern approach to community engagement and to keep improving civic involvement in the design and delivery of services and indeed in the shaping of their city.
Volume 1 revisits the themes from the original paper, published in 2013, and looks at the way those ideas have become central to, and started to change, the “smart city” conversation and the focus on urban innovation. Volume 2 contains case studies that have been prepared as a companion piece to Volume 1. Volume 1 revisits the themes from the original paper, published in 2013, and looks at the way those ideas have become central to, and started to change, the “smart city” conversation and the focus on urban innovation more broadly.
Globalisation And Competition: The New World Of Cities
JLL’s latest research reveals how traditional hierarchies are being shaken up by globalisation and competition. This will fundamentally change the geography of real estate.
We explore the strengths and weaknesses of ‘Established World Cities’ – the ‘Big Six’, and which cities may pose a threat to their dominance in the future.
We demonstrate a new understanding of Emerging Cities, identifying which cities are maturing fastest and have the greatest potential.
We look at the role of ‘New World Cities’ – smaller cities with unique specialisms which have put them in a strong position to compete for investment and talent, despite their lack of scale.
Global Cities The 2016 Report
Global Cities is Knight Frank’s annual study of the real estate markets of the world’s 26 leading business cities. This year’s report looks at the implications of rapid urbanisation on real estate demand. Matching the UN forecasts for urban population growth of 380 million people by 2020 will require building 15 cities the size of Sydney every year. Global Cities: The 2016 Report, profiles the mega infrastructure projects coming up to support this expansion; examines the rising costs of renting office skyscrapers, looks at the new wave of modern offices intended to improve staff morale and productivity, and identifies five future global property investment trends.
The Purpose Of Place: Reconsidered
Deloitte has launched the fifth instalment in its Building the Lucky Country series. In previous editions, Deloitte looked at where our next workers will come from, the impacts of digital disruption, sources of comparative advantage and future growth, and government (and corporate) red tape as a drag on productivity. And now, in The purpose of place: Reconsidered, Deloitte Access Economics focuses on the potential of place, and how creating and nurturing places where people want to live, work, collaborate and innovate, can help secure future prosperity. Understanding the evolving purpose of place, and creating productive places that generate innovation could be Australia’s greatest source of ‘created’ comparative advantage. To achieve this, collaboration will be essential – and Deloitte’s report is a call to individuals, businesses, communities and governments to work together. Each has something to contribute and, collectively, much to gain from creating flourishing places.
Creating A Smarter Singapore
In the race to become the world’s first smart nation, Singapore’s urban landscape – street lamps, waste disposal systems, traffic lights – will be increasingly attuned to its residents lifestyles to improve their quality of life The city state is aiming to be an urban landscape so well integrated with technology that its residents will know the best walkways to take on rainy days, how long a bus ride is going to take based on traffic flows or even if someone is having a heart attack and needs help. JLL looks at what Singapore is doing to become a smart city.
Smart Cities Readiness Guide
Smart Cities Council
The Smart Cities Readiness Guide® is the first collaborative and comprehensive framework for a smart city, against which cities can assess their readiness to innovate – identifying a path, taking next steps and measuring their progress. The Guide is a conceptual roadmap to address growth strategies by focusing on universal principles that unite key areas such as energy, transportation, water and public safety. Through actionable recommendations, the Guide equips city leaders with objective, vendor-neutral guidance to make confident, informed decisions. It lays out simple and powerful technology “targets” for cities to achieve. A city can then use the roadmap and ideas developed from the Guide to shape its Requests for Proposals (RFPs).
A city’s path to the 21st century
The Readiness Guide was prepared with input from best-in-class companies across many industries. In addition, more than 50 of the world’s foremost independent experts on smart city development — from academia, research and advocacy — have reviewed and contributed to the Guide. A global knowledge base of practices and policies gives cities a mandate for action and a foundation for success. The Readiness Guide serves to focus and structure a city’s path to the 21st Century.
The Business Of Cities 2015
What do 200 City Indices tell us about the urban world in 2015? City indices are now devised and sponsored by nearly every kind of actor and institution operating in the urban field. Their careful analysis provides a unique angle on city trends, patterns of growth and investment, and the effects of political, regulatory or strategic change. Indices, especially when viewed as a whole, give unique insight into the development cycles of cities, their achievements versus their peers, the gaps in their competitive offer, and their strategic priorities for the future.
In Motion: How Intelligence Is Driving The Changing Nature Of Cities
Our cities are massive, interconnected systems marked by complexity. The two most fundamental systems, the built environment and the transportation network in place to help navigate it, are on the brink of radical transformation. In this edition of FutureStructure, they examine how smart communities and intelligent transportation systems are paving the way forward for cities. From driverless cars to zero-net energy neighborhoods to self-healing concrete, cities are the 21st century intersection of ideas, infrastructure and technology.
The Future Of Cities: What Is The Global Agenda?
Emily Moir, Tim Moonen And Greg Clark
This essay has been commissioned as part of the UK Government’s Foresight Future of Cities Project. The last five years has seen a substantial surge in attention on how cities need to be prepared for the future. Across the world, policymakers and businesses are considering and strategising both for the future of individual cities, and for the future of national, or even international, systems of cities.
The ‘Future of Cities’ agenda is distinct from the pre-occupation with ‘Future Cities’ which tends to focus on the social and environmental dividends of utilising digital infrastructure and systems in city management (a prognostic agenda). Considerations around the ‘Future of Cities’, by contrast, are more investigative and diagnostic, exploring alternative future drivers and scenarios. They take much more seriously the spatial, governance, and infrastructure challenges of a global economy and society which is becoming more decisively urban. The paper proceeds in three parts:
- uncovers the heterogeneous nature of the future of cities. It explores the different futures that we anticipate for cities and nations of varying sizes, levels of development and locations; and considers how these different futures will pose unique challenges for both cities and nations; • takes the discussion on heterogeneity further by exploring some real-world examples of how policymakers and other interested parties at the city, national and global scales are thinking about the future of cities; and • concludes by reflecting on the range of future issues that cities face, and the tools that are needed to address those issues.
The Smart Revolution
Black & Veatch
Black & Veatch’s whitepaper titled “The Smart Revolution” discusses the global evolution of Smart Cities and Smart Communities and how they are improving the efficiency, reliability and resiliency of the services we rely on every day.
Download this whitepaper to learn more about the following topics:
- How transformational technologies are driving “The Smart Revolution”
- A simplified Smart Solution Framework for measuring, managing and moving data
- Components of a Smart Solution
- The role of Smart Analytics and Black & Veatch’s Asset360TM Platform in driving improved performance and planning for Smart Communities and Cities
- How holistic Smart Integrated Infrastructure solutions bring the greatest value and allow for truly transformational change
How Exactly, Some Cities Are Smart And Others Might Become It
Research based on a literature review on practical ‘smart city’ initiatives underway in 70 cities around the world, in an effort to understand the take up of smart city approaches and the conditions that best support them to flourish. The authors identify ‘hard’ and ‘soft’ initiatives: the former distinguished by the networked sharing of data; the latter more about capacity to learn and innovate. A key finding is that density plays an important role (as an aid to accelerating the uptake of technological solutions for wider benefit). The authors conclude the research has helped develop an understanding of the type of smart city projects best suited for particular settings.
Here is a selection from some 30 types of smart city projects the authors categorized:
- Green / Renewable energies – Electricity networks able to take into account behaviours of all the connected users in order to efficiently deliver sustainable, economic, and secure electricity supplies
- People mobility – Innovative and sustainable ways to provide transport of people in cities (e.g. the development of public transport modes and vehicles based on environmental friendly fuels and propulsion systems)
- Smart Grids – Electricity networks able to take into account the behaviours of all the connected users in order to efficiently deliver sustainable, economic and secure electricity supplies
- Pollution control – Controlling emissions and effluents by using different kinds of devices
- Info-mobility – Distributing and using selected dynamic and multi-modal information, both pre-trip and on-trip, with the aim of improving traffic and transport experience as well as a high quality travel experience
- Public spaces management – Care, maintenance, and active management of public spaces to improve the attractiveness of a city. Solutions to provide information about the main places to visit in a city
- Building services – Various systems existing in a building such as electric networks, elevators, fire safety, telecommunication, data processing, and water supply systems. Computer based systems to control the electrical and mechanical equipment of a building
- Digital education – Extensive use of modern ICT tools in public schools
- Healthcare – Prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of disease supported by ICT. Assuring efficient facilities and services in healthcare system
- Waste management – Collecting, recycling, and disposing of waste in ways that prevent the negative effects of incorrect waste management on both people and the environment
- City logistics – Improving logistics flows in cities by effectively integrating business needs with traffic conditions and geographical and environmental issues
Delivering The Smart City
Arup and University College London (UCL)
There is an opportunity to use ubiquitous urban sensing, big data and analytics to better understand the real-time functioning of our cities, as well as inform longer-term planning and policy decisions.
This report, produced by Arup and University College London (UCL), analyses the spending patterns of eight major UK cities to gain an understanding of how much cities are paying for technology, as well as considering whether this expenditure is ‘smart’.
To understand how cities can invest more wisely in technology, the report explores the effective actions taken by eight global cities: Barcelona, Boston, Bristol, Chicago, Hong Kong, London, Rio de Janeiro and Stockholm. Seven principles for smart city investment are defined to provide city authorities with key indicators on how to successfully spend, monitor and manage their technology to support their vision.
Smart City Readiness: Understand The Issues To Accelerate The Journey
CISCO & Smart Cities Council
As world populations migrate to urban areas, cities are faced with new challenges. These may include traffic jams, overcrowding, pollution, resource constraints, inadequate infrastructure, and the need for continuing economic growth. Cisco Smart+Connected Communities solutions can help city leaders address these problems using intelligent networking capabilities. The solutions can provide the information and services needed to create more livable cities, and help them thrive. Read this Smart Cities Council paper to discover how the Internet of Everything (IoE) can help to overcome challenges and accelerate the path to becoming a smarter, safer community today.
Getting Smarter About Smart Cities
Brookings Institute, Washington & Esade Business School, Barcelona
A report on the outcomes of a workshop to explore the interest in and promise of smart cities drew upon practices from around the world, with a focus on the contribution public sector innovations can make for smart city development to become ‘the norm’. Informed by presentations from civic leaders and practitioners from North America and Europe and workshops the outcomes fit under these themes:
- Smart Cities begin with an economically-driven, technologically-focused vision
- A successful city vision must address three key economic drivers
- Cities must reform Government to successfully implement their economic vision
- Cities must balance the relationship between project scale and risk tolerance
- Cities require stronger networks and improved communication tools
Smart Cities and the Internet of Everything: The Foundation for Delivering Next-Generation Citizen Services
IDC Government Insights
This white paper by IDC Government Insights (and sponsored by Council Lead Partner Cisco) is intended to help municipal leaders, politicians, city planners and other key stakeholders in information technology organizations that support cities understand the value of smart cities and the role they can play in helping urban centers realize a smart city vision. The paper covers trends driving smart city growth, the role of Internet of Everything in building the foundation for smart city evolution and key takeaways for municipal leaders pursuing a smart city vision.
The Smart City Market: Opportunities For The UK
Department For Business, Innovation & Skills
This commissioned report was written in the context of cities being “sites of tremendous innovation … great proving grounds for technologies, providing opportunities for people to invent new things, and opportunities to test them”. The report considered the global opportunities for UK industry in smart city technology in five markets (or ‘verticals’): energy management, water management, transport management, waste management, and assisted living services. Noting difficulties in estimating the global market for city technology and related products and services, the report estimates an annual $408 billion worldwide by 2020.
The report outlines the benefits of smart technologies and assesses the opportunities for UK and business and UK cities. It specifically addresses the role of Government and cities. Government has “an enabling role”, and “should collaborate with cities, business, and academia to help form a vision” for how industry sectors and cities will together benefit from smart city solutions. For cities, the report recommends they need help “to develop capability in leading and facilitating collaboration with industry, academia and citizens because deploying solutions requires collaboration between different actors”.
Digital Urban Renewal: Retro-Fitting Existing Cities With Smart Solutions
New tools created by the ICT industry have the potential to help city governments address the growing range of challenges that they are facing. However, the tools themselves are not a “silver bullet” that will solve urban problems in one stroke. Deploying them will require a new discipline of digital urban renewal and a philosophy that incorporates both political leadership and open collaboration.